ILO-CIS National Center for China→Related Information→Statistics

 

Statistics of Work Safety Accidents

 

Statistics of Work Safety Accidents in 2010

Source:Website of State Administration of Work Safety 】In 2010, 363383 accidents happened across the country and 79552 people were killed, reducing 15865 and 3648, down by 4.2% and 4.4%. Various national annual death toll decreased the first time to 100 million in 2008, then 90 million in 2009 and 80 million in 2010. Through effective prevention and relief efforts, the accidents that including more than 50 people death once were contained in the mine and the major accidents that including more than 60 people death once never happen.

 

The number of mining and trading company’s total accidents and deaths was 8431 and 10616, reducing 1111 and 920, down by 11.6% and 8%. The number of mining accidents and deaths was 1403 and 2433, reducing 213 and 198, down by 13.2% and 7.5%. The number of the other key industries’s deaths was all reduced as following: metal and nonmetal 17.2%, hazardous chemicals 9.4%, road traffic 3.7%, water transportation 2.1%, railway transportation 12.1%, agricultural machinery 18.3% and fire disaster 3.5%.

 

The number of accidents and deaths on 31 provinces of China(regions and municipalities) and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps both fell than last year. No serious accident occurred in six provincial statistical units such as Beijing, Tianjin, Zhejiang, Hainan, Chongqing and Xinjiang Corps. No serious accident in the field of mining and trading occurred in 13 regions, for example, Shanghai, Fujian, Guangdong, Yunnan, Tibet, Qinghai, Ningxia. The number of the serious accidents fell in 8 regions, for example, Shandong, Guizhou and Anhui.

 

The four relative indicators that reflect the overall level of work safety fell over 10% than last year. Billion GDP mortality rate of safe production dropped from 0.248 to 0.201, down by 19%. One hundred thousand employees accident mortality of safe production dropped from 2.4 to 2.13, down by 11.3%. Death ratio per 10000 vehicles of road traffic dropped from 3.6 to 3.2, down by 11.1%. Death ratio per million ton coal in mine dropped from 0.892 to 0.749, down by 16%.

 

The progress of annual targets implementation was lower 3 percentage than the control objectives. The drop of deaths in the fields such as coal, metal and nonmetal mines, dangerous chemicals, housing construction and public works, road traffic, railway transport, agricultural machinery, fire and other industries was all within the control of the progress target. The drop of deaths in the 32 provincial statistical units was in the control of the assessing progress.

 

 

National Report of Occupational Diseases 

 

National Report of Occupational Diseases  in 2010

Source:Website of  Health Ministry】According to the occupational diseases reports from the 31 continental provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and Production and Construction Corps of Sinkiang, in 2010, there were 27,240 new cases of occupational diseases. Among them, 23812 cases were pneumoconiosis, 617 cases were acute occupational poisoning, 1417 cases were chronic occupational poisoning, and 1394 cases were other occupational diseases. From industry sectors point of view, the cases reported in coal, railway, and the nonferrous metals industry were 13,968, 2575 and 2258 cases respectively, accounted for 69.02% of the total cases. Since the 1950s, there were 749,970 cases reported cumulatively, including 676,541 cases of pneumoconiosis, in which 149,110 cases resulted in death, and 527,431 cases in prevalence; 47079 cases of occupational poisoning, in which 24011 cases were acute occupational poisoning, and 23,068 cases were chronic occupational poisoning.

 

1. Pneumoconiosis

There were 23812 new cases of pneumoconiosis reported in 2010. Among them, 679 cases resulted in deaths, and 94.21% were coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis, the cases were 12564 and 9870 respectively; 57.75% of the cases were distributed in the coal industry.

 

By now, pneumoconiosis is still the most serious occupational disease in china, accounting for 87.42% of the total reported cases in 2010; the onset length of service of pneumoconiosis disease was shortened in trend. More than half of the cases were distributed in small and medium enterprises.

 

2. Occupational poisoning

In 2010, 301 acute occupational poisoning accidents were reported, poisoning 617 workers, resulted in 28 cases of death, the fatality rate was 4.54%. Among them, 19 were major occupational poisoning accidents, poisoning 215 workers, resulted in 28 cases of death, the fatality rate was 13.02%. The chemical industry reported most cases of acute occupational poisoning accounting for 21.59% of total cases; The coal industry had the largest number of poisoned workers; more than 30 kinds of chemicals were involved in the occupational poisoning, in which carbon monoxide was in the first place, caused a total of 78 cases and 175 poisoned workers; the highest fatality rate was casused by hydrogen sulfide poisoning, which poisoned 47 workers and killed eight.

 

In 2010, 1417 cases of chronic occupational poisoning were reported. The top three chemicals which caused chronic occupational poisoning were lead and its compounds, benzene, arsenic and its compounds, the cases causes by them were 499 (35.22%), 272 (19.20%) and 157 (11.08 %) respectively. They are mainly distributed in the light industry, metallurgy, and electronics industries.

 

3. Occupational cancer

In 2010, 80 cases of occupational cancer were reported. Among them, 49 cases were benzene caused leukemia, 18 cases were lung cancer in coke oven workers, 10 cases were asbestos-caused lung cancer and mesothelioma, 1 case was benzidine-induced bladder cancer cases, 1 case was arsenic induced lung cancer and skin cancer, and 1 case was lung cancer of chromate manufacturing workers.

 

4. Occupational ENT oral diseases and others

In 2010, a total number of 1314 cases of such diseases were reported. Among them,  347 cases were ENT oral diseases (more than 333 cases were noise deafness), 251 cases were occupational eye disease, 226 cases were occupational skin disease, 225 cases were occupational disease caused by physical factors (including 117 cases of heat stroke, 100 cases of hand-arm vibration disease), 201 cases were occupational diseases caused by biological factors (159 cases of brucellosis, 42 cases were tick-borne encephalitis), and 64 cases were other occupational diseases.